flowers

Ocotillo Plant Demography Study at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico, 2003

Abstract: 

In order to better understand the life history of Ocotillo, a re-sampling of Ocotillo plants originally marked and studied in 1991 was done in the southeast corner of the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge. All plants measured in 1991 were re-censused and re-tagged with new numbers. Measurements of plant height and branch number were repeated along with measurements pertaining to overall plant size.

Core Areas: 

Data set ID: 

158

Additional Project roles: 

23
24
25
26
27
28
29

Keywords: 

Purpose: 

To compare Sevilleta Ocotillo populations with the population from 1991, documented in SEV054. The purpose of the study is to find out how the groups of Ocotillo measured
in 1991 have changed with respect to size (due to growth) and number. We are quite interested in looking at recruitment in the different groups because of geographical differences (soil, sunlight differences) between sites. Our hypothesis is that plants that can be re-identified will have increased in size since 1991. We also expect there to be recruitment in the groups of plants
sampled, but that this could vary from site to site.

Methods: 

Field Methods

We looked for plants with metal number tags given to them in 1991(#1-500), we recorded this number if it could be located, then placed a new metal number tag on the plant(#501-1199). Plants that had lost the 1991 tag were measured and given a new tag. Plants too young to have been measured in 1991 were also tagged and measured. Using a tape measure height and width of the base of the plant (diameter of base) measurements were made. The number of branches at the base of the plant and the number of branch tips were counted. The number of reproductive stems was determined by counting stems with evidence of flowering in that or a previous year. The proportion of dead stems was estimated as a function of the total number of stems on the plant. Plants at the periphery of each group or population were marked by GPS as well. Measurements from 1991 that were not repeated in 2003 were: "Population #" this was determined to be an arbitrary designation by Ms. Redfern.
"stems" was determined to be confusing and contradictory when combined with other measurements made in 1991. "buds" ; "flowers"; "fruit", all three were left out because it was decided a measure of reproductive stems present would be more informative in regard to reproduction within the groups of plants. "leaf" was not measured because leaves can come out many times a year as a function of precipitation. "dying" was instead measured as proportion of dead stems present on the plant. Dead stems on a plant do not indicate that the plant is dead or actively dying."#flowering stems" was measured as reproductive stems in 2003.

Data sources: 

sev158_ocotillodemography_09202005

Additional information: 

Additional Metadata

There are a number of plants sampled in 2003 that were not matched up to plants from 1991. There are also some plants that are presumed new since 1991, and therefore have no 1991 number. Sample 681 from 2003 was recorded 2 times. This error was not resolved.

It is important to note that not all measurements made in 1991 were repeated in 2003. This was because it was decided that a number of these measurements were not important given the ammount of time that had passed between the two measurement periods, and the life history of the plant. Also, in 2003 measurements were made that were not done in 1991. It was felt that measurements would be more informative in the long term for life history and demography of Fouquieria splendens.

Additional Study Area Information

Study Area Name: South Gate

Study Area Location: Valle del Ojo de la Parrida - about 2km north of the south boundary on the east side of the refuge

Elevation: 1538 m

North Coordinate:34.2167

West Coordinate:106.7954

Ocotillo Plant Dimensions in the Chihuahuan Desert at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico (1991)

Abstract: 

This study looks at Ocotillo (Fouqieria splendens) at the northern extent of its range in New Mexico. Gross morphological and phenological measurements are made in the field and leaves are collected for isozyme work. Questions that this study may address are: Do individuals at range edges show reduced genetic diversity relative to individuals in the heart of the range? Do population age structures(Can we age them?) differ at edges. Can we, in time, determine stasis or movement of populations? Are demographics germane to the study questions? What other methods, in addition to isozyme work will we use to get at the relative genetics of these populations?

Core Areas: 

Data set ID: 

54

Additional Project roles: 

165
166
167
168

Keywords: 

Data sources: 

sev054_ocotillodimensions_09082011.txt

Methods: 

Five hundred ocotillo individuals were tagged and measured in the ways described below. The plants follow the south-facing slopes of a ridgeline near the southern boundry of the Sevilleta. The plants were marked starting at the easternmost population and numbered consecutively as one moves west along the ridge.

DESCRIPTION OF EACH MEASUREMENT

1] PLANT# - this is the number on the tag attached to the plant.

2] POP# - Represents the population number which is simply which group of plants encountered. Each population is separated by an area along the ridge that does not have ocotillo growing on it.

3] PHENOLOGY - Phenology is measured by circling one of the following codes for each plant. If the code was circled on the data sheet it is given a value of "y" in the data base, if not circled, the value is "n" in the data base.

  • St = Stems only (i.e. plant is alive but no leaves or reproductive structures are present)
  • B = Flower Buds - Flower buds are present.
  • Fl = Flowers - Flowers are present.
  • Fr = Fruit - Fruit is present. Fruit is considered   to be present when the ovary has expanded and the perianth has senesced.
  • L = Leaves - Leaves are present.
  • D = Senescence/Plant is dying(Plant has dead stems attached.)

4] #/STEM - this measurement is the number of stems Son the plant at the highest order of branching, i.e. if a stem branches near the base and each of those two stems branch once then a person counts four stems, the first branching does not matter in the count.

5] #/FLOWERING STEMS - simply the number of stems with reproductive structures, counted as above.

6] HSTEM - this is the longest stem measured from the base to the apical tip of the stem.

7] NOTES - any comments or qualifiers that need to be made. Notes are put in curly brackets '{}' on the next line.

Maintenance: 

File initiated 11 Jun 1991. Data entered by 3 Nov 1992 by Rupal Shah Errors changed on 5 Nov 1992 by Rupal Shah More Errors corrected on 9 Nov 1992 by Rupal Shah 8 Feb 1993 - Added a date to documentation from data sheets recently found by Rupal Shah - Troy Maddux. 11/12/98 - Added final line of "END OF DATA" to dataset. K. Taugher - Aligned columns to right justification. K. Taugher doc

Additional information: 

Additional Information on the personnel associated with the Data Collection / Data Processing

 The data were collected by the 1991 plant crew: Troy Maddux (Head Plant Technician), Sam Loftin (Plant Research Assistant), Joran Viers, (Plant Technician), Kathleen McGee (Plant Technician).

Core Site Phenology Study from the Chihuahaun Desert Grassland and Shrubland at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico (2000- present)

Abstract: 

Plant phenology or life-history pattern changes seasonally as plants grow, mature, flower, and produce fruit and seeds. Plant phenology follows seasonal patterns, yet annual variation may occur due to annual differences in the timing of rainfall and ambient temperature shifts. Foliage growth and fruit and seed production are important aspects of plant population dynamics and food resource availability for animals. The purpose of this study is to assess plant phenology patterns across a series of biotic communities that represent an environmental moisture gradient. These communites include: Chihuhuan Desert creosotebush shrubland, Chihuahuan Desert black grama grassland, and blue grama grassland. Plant phenology is recorded for all plant species across 4 replicate 200 m transects at each of the 3 habitat sites. Plant phenology measurements are taken once every month from February through October. The first ten individuals of each plant species encountered along each transect are assessed for life-history status. Data recorded include the status of leaves, flowers and fruit. Leaves are recorded as new, old, brown or absent. Reproductive status is recorded as absent, buds, flowers, fruits or both fruits and flowers. Data from the site P and J were only collected in 2000 and 2001 and are included in this data set.

Core Areas: 

Additional Project roles: 

271
272
273
274

Data set ID: 

137

Keywords: 

Purpose: 

The purpose of this study is to assess plant phenology patterns across a series of biotic communities that represent an environmental moisture gradient.

Data sources: 

sev137_phenologycore_20170203.csv

Methods: 

Locating the Transects:

Phenological conditions are recorded along four permanently marked 200 m x 2 m wide transects at each of the core study sites. The transects are located within four of the five rodent trapping webs. All five transects were originally measured, but in 2003 the least diverse transect at each site was dropped. Each web consists of twelve 100 m transects radiating as spokes from a central rebar stake marked #145. As measured from the center stake, the first four stakes within a ray are positioned at 5 m intervals and the remaining eight at 10 m intervals along a given transect. Plant phenology is recorded along two of these 100 m transects, the transect that extends due north from the central stake and the transect that extends due south from the central stake. The stakes that extend due north are marked 1-12 where stake #1 is closest to the center stake. The stakes that extend due south are marked 73-84 where stake #73 is closest to center. 

Collecting the Data:

Each transect is sampled by one technician. Measurements are started from the northern (stake #12) end of each transect. The technician walks in a straight line from one stake to the next surveying a 1 m wide area on each side of the line until the opposite end of the transect is reached. As a transect is walked, phenological conditions are recorded for each species that occurs along the transect. The phenological condition of the first 10 individuals of each species is recorded. After the conditions of ten individuals have been recorded no more observations are made for that particular species even though more may be encountered. Conversely, for rare species only a few individuals may be encountered so there will be less than 10 observations.

Because measurements are taken on separate individuals, it is important to note that many plants have clonal growth forms. This can be seen in some grasses that occur as a clump of overlapping vegetation. In this case each clump is treated as a single individual. This is also true for some cactus and yucca species that appear as a cluster of many individual heads.

Determining Phenological Conditions:

1. New green foliage (N)

This category refers to a plant that is producing new vegetative tissue. The production of new vegetative tissue can be characterized in several ways depending on the species. In many herbaceous plants, new vegetative growth will be indicated by the presence of immature leaves or stems. In herbaceous plants this growth generally appears near the tips of shoots and also at axillary buds.

For species that have a rosette growth form (yucca, some herbaceous plants), the center of the rosette is examined for the presence of immature leaves.

In cacti, the spines are modified leaves and do not readily indicate new vegetative growth so cacti are examined for production of new stems. For example, in Opuntia spp., the presence of a new stem/pad represents new green foliage as each stem-joint represents a season's growth. Cacti that exhibit a cylindrical growth form are more difficult to classify. Cacti with tuberculate stems (Mammilaria spp.) are examined for new tubercules which can often be seen in the center of the head. More problematic are the ribbed cacti where the growth of one season is continuous with that of the preceding season.  While these species may be producing new growth it is extremely difficult to identify and thus they are usually categorized as old green foliage.

2. Old green foliage (O)

This category refers to a plant that is not producing new vegetative tissue but exhibits only mature green foliage.  

3. Brown leaves (B)

This category refers to a plant that has only brown leaves and is used to indicate a period of senescence or decline.  

4. No leaves (Z)

This category is similar to the above category.  It is meant to capture a period of senescence or decline and refers to a plant that has subsequently dropped its leaves. It only applies to growth forms that drop their leaves during a period of dormancy or senescence. This category is not used for plants such as Ephedra spp. that normally do not have leaves.

Determining Phenological Conditions:

1. New flowers (FL)

This category refers to the presence of flowers at anthesis (open flowers). For many species the petals are large and showy making this condition easy to identify. In species with small or reduced flowers, this condition represents the presence of key reproductive structures such as stamens and/or carpels.   

2. New fruit (FR)

This category refers to the presence of a ripened ovary that contains seed. Open fruits that do not contain seed are not categorized as fruiting.  Open fruits that do contain seed belong in this category.               

3. Fruits and Flowers (FF)

This category indicates that both fruit and flowers are present.

4. No Fruits or Flowers (Z)

This category indicates that neither fruits or flowers are present.

5. Flower buds (B)

This category indicates that only closed flower buds are present.

QAQC: 

Each month, the data is QAQCd for typos and incorrect plant codes. To do this in Excel, place the cursor in the first cell of the actual data, not the headings. Go to Data/Filter and select auto filter. Each list formed should fit the parameters listed above. The plant list and the unknown plant list should be updated regularly. Check all errors against the paper data. Be sure that the numbers at the end of the kartez codes are correct. In most cases, all errors can be fixed at this time.

At the end of every year, compile all the data into one file for the year. Check to make sure no data is missing or duplicated. Also, each year, all the previous years data should be updated using the unknown plant list to replace former unknowns with their proper kartez code. At this point all compiled, yearly data sets should be re-archived, replacing the old data sets. Meta data should be maintained with every data set.

Recording the Data:

For each transect, the following is recorded:   

1. Recorder- Recorder's initials and also the initials of anyone helping take measurements on that particular transect.  

2. The date (month, day, year)  

3. The site (B, G, C, J, P)

B = Blue grama grassland

G = Five-Points grassland

C = Five-Points creosote

J = Juniper Savanna

P = Pinon-Juniper woodland 

4. The web (1,2,3,4,5) 

5. The page number (1/3, 2/3, 3/3)

The species code for all the species occurring along the transect is recorded. Then the phenological conditions of the individual plants in the area are recorded in the Fol and Flw columns of the data sheet. The Fol column is for status codes reflecting the condition of a plant's foliage and the Flw column is for codes reflecting the reproductive status of the plant. The status codes are as follows:

Foliage codes:

N = new green foliage

O = old green foliage only

B = brown leaves only

Z = no leaves

Reproductive codes:

FL = new flower

FR = new fruits

FF = new fruits and flowers

Z = no fruits or flowers

B  = Only buds present

BFL = Buds and flowers

BFR = Buds and fruits

Instrumentation: 

The phenology data is taken with paper and pencil.

Maintenance: 

12/2/2008

For both 2007 and 2008, individual monthly files were checked for errors and compiled in pc_field/phenology. These were uploaded into navicat. Then all the data was exported and put on line with this updated meta data and EML.

2/8/2007

Phenology data from 2001-2006 was taken out of flat files and imported into MySQL. Once in the database, I checked for duplicates. These most often happened when a recorder had already taken data for a particular species and accidentally started a new row for data for that species. In these instances, no data was deleted, but the observation numbers were made consecutive. Therefore, they end up with more than 10 observations per web. In no case was this more than 20. The other reason I found duplicates was in years where certain recorders collected separate data for seedlings and adults. In these cases, no data was thrown away and againg the observation number was made consecutive and there also can be up to 20 observations per web for these species. Always in this case the comment "SEEDLING" was added to the relevant observations. I also checked every plant code against the USDA Plants database online at http://plants.usda.gov/ All plant codes that have had nomenclature changes were updated. All previously unknown plants that have since been identified were also updated. All unknown plants that will never be identified were dropped from the database. All typos were corrected. The original code was stored in the database under the collumn title OLD_SPECIES, but is not available online.

Quality Assurance: 

QAQC: 

Each month, the data should be QAQCd for typos and incorrect plant codes. To do this in Excel, place the cursor in the first cell of the actual data, not the headings. Go to Data/Filter and select auto filter. Each list formed should fit the parameters listed above. The plant list and the unknown plant list should be updated regularly. Check all errors against the paper data. Be sure that the numbers at the end of the kartez codes are correct. In most cases, all errors can be fixed at this time.At the end of every year, compile all the data into one file for the year. Check to make sure no data is missing or duplicated. Also, each year, all the previous years data should be updated using the unknown plant list to replace former unknowns with their proper kartez code. At this point all compiled, yearly data sets should be re-archived, replacing the old data sets. Meta data should be maintained with every data set.

Additional information: 

Additional Information on the personnel associated with the Data Collection / Data Processing

Sevilleta Field Crew Employee History

Chandra Tucker (CAT; 04/2014-present), Megan McClung (MAM; 04/2013-present), Stephanie Baker (SRB; 10/2010-present), John Mulhouse (JMM; 08/2009-06/2013), Amaris Swann (ALS;  08/2008-01/2013), Maya Kapoor, August 9, 2003-January 21, 2005 and April 2010-March 2011, Terri Koontz, February 2000-August 2003 and August 2006-August 2010, Yang Xia, January 31, 2005-April 2009, Karen Wetherill, February 7, 2000-August 2009, Michell Thomey, September 3, 2005-August 2008, Jay McLeod, January 2006-August 2006, Charity Hall, January 31, 2005-January 3, 2006, Tessa Edelen, August 15, 2004-August 15, 2005, Seth Munson, September 9, 2002-June 2004, Caleb Hickman, September 9, 2002-November 15, 2004, Heather Simpson, August 2000-August 2002, Chris Roberts, September 2001-August 2002, Mike Friggens, 1999-September 2001, Shana Penington, February 2000-August 2000.

Dates of collection for each field site:

Site B:  April 2001 - present

Site C:  April 2000 - present

Site G:  April 2000 - present

Site J:  April 2000 - November 2001

Site P:  April 2000 - November 2001

Plant Phenology Monitoring Transects at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico (1991-1995)

Abstract: 

This study was designed to monitor the occurrence of various phenological events of plant species at seven research sites on the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge (i.e., Black Butte, Goat Draw, Five Points, Deep Well, Rio Salado, Sepultura Canyon and Los Pinos foothills watershed (Red Tank/222)).  The phenological events monitored included germination, vegetative growth, budding (flowers), flowering, fruiting, dormancy, senescence, and death.  All transects were placed close to Sevilleta LTER meteorological stations, allowing the coupling of biotic and abiotic data to detect relationships between climate and phenology.  

Core Areas: 

Data set ID: 

48

Additional Project roles: 

70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81

Keywords: 

Data sources: 

sev048_phenology_20130412.txt

Methods: 

DATA COLLECTION - The data were collected once each week during the summer months, namely June, July and August. During the rest of the year, the data are collected at least once each month. This data set contains data collected between the periods of April 4, 1991 and August 24, 1995.  Ideally all sites were sampled on the one day.

STUDY SITES -

BLACK BUTTE - This site is located just inside the gate south of Black Butte.  The site is a sandy grassland, characterized by Oryzopsis hymenoides, Sporobolus giganteus, Sporobolus flexuosus, and Bouteloua eriopoda, occasional shrubs include Gutierrezia sarothrae, Yucca glauca, and Dalea scoparia.  Herbs include Senecio douglasii, Baileyi multiradiata, and Sphaeralcea spp.

DEEP WELL - The Deep Well site is west of the missile range road, between the road and the Deep Well meteorological station. This is a grassland site with shortgrass prairie species such as blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis) and grasses with a more southern affinity such as black grama (Bouteloua eriopoda). Other grasses found at the site include dropseeds (Sporobolus spp.) and threeawns (Aristida spp.). Shrubs are uncommon but those that occur include Yucca glauca, Ephedra torreyi, and four-wing saltbush (Atriplex canescens). Herbaceous plants include Plantago purshii, Hymenopappus filifolius, and globe mallows (Sphaeralcea spp.).

FIVE POINTS - The Five Points site is just east of the Five Points intersection and just north of the road. The site is dominated by creosote bush (Larrea tridentata), especially at the southern end of the transects.  The transects get grassier toward the north. The herbaceous plants include Hoffmanseggia drepanocarpa, Haplopappus spinulosus, and Solanum eleagnifolium.  The grasses include black grama (Bouteloua eriopoda), burrograss (Scleropogon
brevifolius), Threeawns (Aristida spp.) and ring muhly (Muhlenbergia
torreyi).

GOAT DRAW - This is a pinyon/juniper site in the Los Pinos mountains. Transect #1 ran across rocky hillslopes and through two rocky washes. Transect #2 ran along a gravelly stream bed. Transect #1 was covered with pinyon (Pinus edulis) and juniper (Juniperus monosperma) trees and shrubs that included beargrass (Nolina microcarpa), feather dalea (Dalea formosa), shrub live oak (Quercus turbinella), and brown-spined prickly pear (Opuntia phaeacantha).Grasses in the area include hairy grama (Bouteloua hirsuta), bottlebrush squirreltail (Sitanion hystrix), and side-oats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula). The second transect has shrubs that include cane cholla (Opuntia imbricata) and four-wing saltbush (Atriplex canescens) and many herbs such as Verbena wrightii, Erodium cicutarium, and Lesquerella ovalifolia.

RIO SALADO - This is a very sandy site. The predominate grasses are Oryzopsis hymenoides, Hilaria jamesii, and Sporobolus flexuosus. The shrubs include four-wing saltbush (Atriplex canescens), mesquite (Prosopis glandulosus), indigo bush (Dalea scoparia), Penstemon ambiguus and creosote bush (Larrea tridentata). The herbaceous vegetation includes Cassia bauhinioides, Thelesperma megapotamicum, and Zinnia grandiflora.

SEPULTURA CANYON - The Sepultura Canyon site is at the base of the canyon in the Los Pinos mountains.  The transects cross one of the side channels that drain the canyon.  The substrate is alluvial and often disturbed in the channel by water or on the banks by rodent activity. The shelves above the bank have grama grasses mixed with shrubs such as prickly pear and cholla (Opuntia spp.) and juniper trees.

WATERSHED (RED TANK/222) - The transects in this site criss-cross a gravelly ephemeral stream bed in the foothills of the Sierra Ladrone Mountains. The woody vegetation in this stream bed includes juniper (Juniperus monosperma), Brickellia californica, Apache plume (Fallugia paradoxa). On the hills are Junipers and shrubs such as cane cholla (Opuntia imbricata), beargrass (Nolina microcarpa), and Oreganillo (Aloysia wrightii). The herbs in the wash include Lesquerella ovalifolia, and Mirabilis multiflora. The grasses found at this site include three-awn (Aristida sp.), fluff-grass Erioneuron pulchellum, and four species of grama grass (Bouteloua spp.).

TRANSECT DESCRIPTION - Black Butte, Deep Well, and Five Points each had three transects. Transects were 100 meters long, about 20 meters apart, and had a roughly a north/south azimuth. The transects were situated to capture the vegetation that dominated and characterized each site. Sepultura Canyon had four transects, each running from the shelf above the stream channel, across the channel to the other shelf. These transects were 50 meters long and situated to capture the diversity of plants in the wash, up the banks, and on the shelf.

HOW DATA WERE COLLECTED - The phenological data were collected by looking at the plants contained within the 50 x 1 meter transect (marked with rebar and sometimes string) and writing down the plant code (See Codes Used) if it was not already on the data sheet and circling the letter for the appropriate phenological condition. There is a description of each condition in the Variable Description and Definition. Abiotic data such as weather conditions and temperature was not taken as these data could be obtained from the LTER meteorlogical data set.

*******SAMPLE DATA SHEET********

PHENOLOGY RIO SALADO I DATE_________________

WORKERS___________________________ PRECIPITATION________

SOIL TEMP SURF______ .5m_____ TIME_____________________

CODE |
------------------------------------------------------------
ARDI5    |P/G V B FL FR M S D NP
------------------------------------------------------------
ARPUP6  |P/G V B FL FR M S D NP
------------------------------------------------------------
ATCA2    |P/G V B FL FR M S D NP
------------------------------------------------------------
Key:                      

p/g = perennating or germinating
v = vegetating
b = budding
fl = flowering
fr = fruiting
m = dispersing
s = senescing
d = dead
np = not present

Descriptions of these are in the section below.

VARIABLE DESCRIPTIONS AND DEFINITIONS - Definitions (Numbers in parenthesis indicate length of field):

DATE (8) - the date consists of the year, the month, and the date, in that order, transcribed numerically. e.g. 20 Apr 1991 = 19910420 There is a list of ranges in the "When" section above.

SITE (2) - The site codes are:

bb = Black Butte

dw = Deep Well

fp = Five Points

gd = Goat Draw

rs = Rio Salado

sc = Sepultura Canyon

ws = Watershed (Red Tank/222)

TRANSECT (1) - the transects are numbered 1 through 3 going from the western most transect to the eastern most transect. The Sepultura site from 1991 contains four transects.

SPECIES_CODE (6) - The codes used for plants in this study follow the Kartesz abbreviation standard (Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A Synonymized  Checklist of the  Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Timber Press,  Oregon). This is a four-, five-, or six-letter case-sesitive code that represents the plant species in that record. The Kartesz codes are in all capital letters and can be found in the species  codes list in this documentation section.

If for any variety of reasons the individual could not be keyed to the species level (e.g. wrong phenological period and plant was not flowering, plant had been grazed, plant is a seedling and too young to identify, etc.) then a hierarchical naming scheme was employed, becoming more and more broad. For example, if the plant could not be identified to species, then in many cases it was identified to genus, if not to genus, then at least the family was known. Finally, the lifeform classification (e.g. tree,shrub,forb, etc.) could have been used. Note that in the case of unknown grasses, the lifeform of GRASS need not have been used because a narrower classification of family (i.e. Poaceae) may have been utilized.

As there were no codes for "family" or "genus" specifically outlined by Kartesz, the Sevilleta LTER utilized its own hierarchical naming scheme which was as follows: If only the genus (or sometimes the family) was
known, then the code given was the first five letters of the genus (or family)  with only the first letter being capitalized (e.g. Aristida genus = Arist Fabaceae family = Fabac). Species that remained unknown (and could not be keyed to even a family) were listed as UNK (all capitals) or as the appropriate lifeform (e.g. SHRUB, FORB, etc.).                                                                                     

A comprehensive code list for all plant species found on the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge and utilized by the Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research Project, can be found on the Sevilleta Information Management System (SIMS) in /export/db/local/plant/lib/species_kartesz_codes_.lst.

The following fields represented the phenological condition of the plant species being 
observed. A "y" in one of these fields indicated that the plant species was in that
particular condition (described below). A "n" indicated that the plant species did not
match the description of phenological condition at that particular time and place.

GERMINATING/PERENNATING (1) - coming up out of the ground, from a seed or a perennial part
VEGETATING (1) - alive with no reproductive structures, not beginning or ending its life
BUDDING (1) - had flower buds, pre-anthesis
FLOWERING (1) - had flowers at anthesis
FRUITING (1) - had fruits, after flowering but before dehiscence and/or dispersal
DISPERSING (1) - fruits and/or seeds were dispersing from the plant
DORMANT (1) - plant not vegetating or dead
SENESCING (1) - plant was dying
DEAD (1) - plant was dead
NOT PRESENT (1) - plant was gone, for whatever reason.                                  

If an "x" was entered under either the category of either perennating or dormant, it indicated that when the data was collected, these two categories were not yet devised. Any comments appearing in the text were bracketed and moved to the line directly below where they originally appeared.

Maintenance: 

*File initiated 23 Oct 1991 by Troy Maddux Data added 9 Dec 1991 by Troy Maddux.

*Line 2329 - added missing terminal '}'. G.S.

*Line 4800 - deleted blank line and changed lagr to hagr. G.S

*Line 4911 - deleted blank line. G.S.

*Data from 24 Jan 1992 entered by Troy Maddux on 30 Jan 1992; also changed black butte "comp 1" to mali, and sepultura boba* to anba.

*Data from 24 Jan 1992 entered by Troy Maddux on 3 Feb 1992.

*26 Feb 1992 - Changed comp1 in Sepultura Canyon to kuch (Kuhnia chlorolepis).

*27 Feb 1992 - changed mali in Sepultura Canyon that was mistakenly changed from comp1 was changed to kuch. T.M.

*23 Mar 1992 - Data from 5 Mar 1992 entered by Kathleen McGee

*27 Mar 1992 - ar.. changed to aris (For Aristida) at Deep Well ar.. changed to arlu at Sepultura Canyon. unk1 at Sepultura Canyon changed to kuch August 1992 - All data from June 1992 to aug 1992 has been entered and error checked by mchavez. Entire file (All data prior to Aug 92) has been compared to data sheets and corrections were made.

*21 September 1992- 19910718 dw1 lagr changed to hagr, 19920730 acta changed to atca, haplo to hasp. Melissa Chavez

*24 September 1992- cactu changed to nein at five points, anpa changed to anba, bopu to bocu, opmi to opim, vidi to vide at Selputura Canyon; Arei changed to arfi, epfe to eufe, hify to hyfi, lair to liar, lyfi to lyhi to hyfi at Rio Salado; b... changed to amch?, eptu to epto, saar to saab at Five Points; choy changed to opim, quta and quto to qutu at Water Sheds, de.. changed to deob, doja to daja, gape to gapi at Deep Well; erdo changed to erpu, li.. to liar, lu.. to luki, so.. to soel at Black Butte; leou changed to leov, rhdr to rhtr at Goat Draw. by Melissa Chavez

*29 September 1992- rocr changed to kocr at Sepultura Canyon by Melissa Chavez.

*1 October 1992- comp2 at Black Butte changed to semu. M.C.

*2 October 1992- comp at Water Sheds changed to kuch, Unknown "looks like woody gusa" to ardr.

*5 October 1992- ar.. at Sepultura changed to arlu, erio to erab, tr.. to trdu, unk2 and unk3 to chco; ar.. at Deep Well changed to aris (aristida), plpa to plpu, dona and doja to daja; op.. and oppp at Five Points changed to oppo, unk1 to spdi; wogu at Watersheds changed to ardr. comp1 at Black Butte changed to mali.

*13 October 1992- at Goat Draw, ?mus and mus? changed to thwr, yellow comp at Goat Draw changed to chvi2, at Five Points, euph?* and euph?2 changed to erue, euph?4 at Sepultura changed to euex, oe..2 at Black Butte to oeal, opco at Five Points to oppo. Mchavez

*14 October 1992- Seed2 @ Black Butte changed to pean, unknown comp at Water Sheds changed to kuch, boba* at Five Points to boba, boaba at Sepultura changed to anba, boerh at Five Points changed to amch?, eugh at Sepultura to euph? for un- known euph?orbia, euph?? at Deep Well changed to eure, ?nyct at Five Points to amch?, ?see1 at Black Butte with hoffmansegia notes have been changed to hodr, sp..1 changed to spha? unknown Sphaeralcea, seedj at Black Butte to hodr, uklg1 and unlg1 changed to dale? for unknown dalea (both at Black Butte), ?fes is now ?fest for unknown festuca, ecja at Water Sheds changed to ectr, euph? at Rio Salado to eufe, hoff at Deep well to hodr, lepi at watersheds is now lemo, life at Sepultura changed to lefe, seed3 at Black Butte changed to daja, seed4 at Deep Well to daja, gimu at Five Points to ipmu.

*20 October 1992- oe.. at Deep well changed to oeal, pars at Goat Draw to vewr, phys (physalis) at Water Shed transect to phhe, pltr at Sepultura changed to potr, subr at Five Points changed to scbr, unk1 at Black Butte changed to saka, diwi, and mali according to the individual notes, those without notes were left unchanged. ?eig at Water Sheds changed to vewr, unk2 at Deep Well changed to span.

*This file sent from Melissa Chavez to Troy Maddux on 28 Oct 1992. Data was compiled from different files and typos were corrected by Melissa Chavez. Melissa updated documentation from file received from Troy Maddux.

* File changed to rdb to check columns - blank spaces removed from ends of lines and species code fields that ran into germination fields were seperated. - 4 Nov 1992 - Troy Maddux.

* Changed all euph?(anything else) to euph(anything else) 4 Nov 1992 - Troy Maddux.

* Changed remaining "cedo" plant codes to "sedo"; also changed "vewr" to "bape" at goat draw transect #1 on 11 Nov 1992 by Troy Maddux.

June 1993 Maureen Hatch changed "199101029" to "19911029" for the first entry of 1991. A "y" in the "not present" column was changed to a "n" for the following entries: 19930512 gd 2 saka 19910708 bb 2 soel 19910708 bb 2 seed2 19911125 fp 3 hasp 19910718 dw 2 psta.

M. Hatch added April and May entries for 1993 and checked them with R. Shah. M. Hatch also added columns for dormant and perennating for files before 93 and converted {dormant} comments to "y" in the "dormant" column. Data from April 15, 16, and 19 1993 was entered by on June 9,13 1993 and data from April 29, 1993 was entered on June 14, 1993 by Amy Shaw. Data for February 25, 1993 was entered by Rupal Shah on March 4, 1993 and was checked by Rupal Shah on March 15, 1993. Data for March 18, 1993 was entered by Troy Maddux on March 19 and 22. Data collected on March 25, 1993 was entered by Melissa Chavez on March 28, 1993 and the in the far left hand column for this data set, the month and date were reversed in order. For data collected on April 7 and 8 was entered by both Roger Stupf and E. Scherff on April 16, 1993. Data entered by Amy Shaw on May 27 and 28,1993 for the data set taken on 21 of May 1993. To compile data taken at similiar times, the dates for data taken on 2/2(for dw 1) and 2/4 was recorded as 2/4; for data taken on 2/23 (for rs 2) and 2/25 was recorded as 2/25; and for data collected on 4/7 and 4/8 ( gd 1, 2 and ws 1,2,3 ) was recorded as 4/7.

*Maureen Hatch entered data for June 23 and July 1, 1993 on July 8,1993.
Rupal Shah entered data on 7-16-92
Rupal Shah checking data on 7-19-93.
Rupal Shah checking data on 7-21-93.
Rupal Shah checking data on 7-23-93.

Data entered by Rupal Shah on 9-14-93.
Data entered by Rupal Shah on 9-15-93.
Data entered by Rupal Shah on 11-1-93.
Data entered by Rupal Shah on 11-8-93.
Data entered by Rupal Shah on 11-9-93.
Data entered by Rupal Shah on 11-12-93.
Data checked by Rupal Shah on 11-17-93.
Data checked by Rupal Shah on 11-28-93.

data entered by Rupal Shah on Sept 29 1993.
data entered by Rupal Shah on October 8, 1993.

data entered by M. Valdez on 7-15-92
data entered by M. Valdez on 7-16-92

19910503 data entered 10 aug 92 mchavez
entered by mchavez on 20 july 1992

Data from April 15, 16, and 19 1993 was entered by on June 9,13 1993 and data from April 29, 1993 was entered on June 14, 1993 by Amy Shaw. Data for February 25, 1993 was entered by Rupal Shah on March 4, 1993 and was checked by Rupal Shah on March 15, 1993. Data for March 18, 1993 was entered by Troy Maddux on March 19 and 22. Data collected on March 25, 1993 was entered by Melissa Chavez on March 28, 1993 and the in the far left hand column for this data set, the month and date were reversed in order. For data collected on April 7 and 8 was entered by both Roger Stupf and E. Scherff on April 16, 1993. Data entered by Amy Shaw on May 27 and 28,1993 for the data set taken on 21 of May 1993. To compile data taken at similiar times, the dates for data taken on 2/2(for dw 1) and 2/4 was recorded as 2/4; for data taken on 2/23 (for rs 2) and 2/25 was recorded as 2/25; and for data collected on 4/7 and 4/8 ( gd 1, 2 and ws 1,2,3 ) was recorded as 4/7.

Today is Jan. 4th 1994. I separated all the phenology data into three  separate files. The first file,"allstuff91-92" contains data from the very begining of the project, 4-4-91, to 5-26-92 when the sites were changed. The second file,"allstuff92", contains data for the remainder of the 1992 year. Finally, this file,"allstuff93", contains all the data for the 1993  year. The logs for all three files is contained within this one. I am Rupal Shah, and if you have any questions, come to me for answers.

24 Feb 1993 - began updating the documentation to correspond to the Sevilleta LTER data manager's guide to documentation. Made into an rdb file and checked, all collumns projected out and made sure the data were o.k.

There once was a huge file containing all of the phenology data ever collected, but Rupal Shah separated it into three parts. This is the first part. It contains the original sites of fp,sc, bb, and dw. The logs for this data is contained in the "allstuff93" file. The log for this file corresponds to dates from the begining of the project which is 4-4-91 to the point when the sites were changed, 5-26-92. Today is Jan. 4th 1994, and I separated everything in the last week of December. So, all the data for 1991,1992,and 1993 are contained within these three files.

On Jan 21 1994 at 8:45am, Melissa Chavez began to revise the doccumentation to fit the guidelines given in "Data Tech's Manual for documenting"

25 Jan 1994: added data set code and title section worked on when and how section. Added Varialbe description and definitions. - melissa chavez

Rio Salado phenology data for transect 1 & 3

entered by M Altenbach, 26 May 1994; checked 27 May 1994

Rio Salado 2 entered by jbocock 5/25/94. Error checked 5/25/94.
Jbocock entered watershed 3 on 5/25/94. collected on 5/24/94,
syanoff 052594 entered data from 052494 goat draw 2 phenology
checked 052694 SLY MJA
crew- Bocock, Chavez, Altenbach, Hoban, Maddux, Yanoff; changed ernu to
erdi; changed fest to trel
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rio Salado collected on 2 Jun 1994 but entered as 1 Jun 1994

Data from Deep well site not collected on 2 jun 1994.

Rio Salado data from 02 Jun 1994 entered on 06 Jun 1994 by Melissa Chavez
error checked 13 June 1994 by maltenbach & jbocock

Entered by MJ Altenbach, 6 June 1994,
Goat Draw Phenology for 1 June 1994

S Yanoff, 060994
phenology goat draw 2, data collected 060194
error checked 13 June 1994 maltenbach, jbocock
Workers:J Bocock, M Altenbach, M Chavez, S Yanoff
Only trel was recorded but trmu may be present.
erdi may be ernu, this cannot be determined until later in season.
Several species were not recorded on data sheet but were recorded 060794.
spae is sphaelralcea sp. with dissected leaves and spwr2 is probably
spwr or spfe.

S Yanoff, 060794
phenology Watershed 1, 2 and 3, data collected 060194
J Bocock, G Dellorusso, M Chavez, S Yanoff
Error checked by maltenbach, jbocock 13 June 1994
ws 1: erdi may be ernu, this cannot be determined until later this season.
ws 3: oeco identification is not certain, oeco may be cham.
note: cham is chamaesaracha sp.
quto was recorded budding on 060794 but was not recorded 060194, therefore it is recorded budding below.
If no "y"s were recorded on the data sheet for a plant, it was entered as all
"n"s but means no data.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rs1 collected by: syanoff, mchavez 6/7/94
rs2 collected by: jbocock, maltenbach 6/7/94
rs3 collected by: syanoff, mchavez 6/7/94
entered by: mchavez
error checked by: maltenbach, jbocock

gd1 collected by: mchavez, maltenbach 6/7/94
entered by: mchavez
error checked by: jbocock, maltenbach
gd2 collected by: syanoff, jbocock, maltenbach, mchavez, phoban, tmaddux 6/7/94
entered by: maltenbach
error checked by: syanoff, maltenbach

dw1 collected by: tmaddux, phoban 6/6/94
dw2 collected by: tmaddux, phoban 6/6/94
dw3 collected by: tmaddux, phoban 6/6/94
entered by: mchavez
error checked by: maltenbach, jbocock

ws1 collected by: syanoff, maltenbach
ws2 collected by: jbocock, mchavez
ws3 collected by: jbocock, mchavez
entered by: maltenbach
error checked by: syanoff, maltenbach

The month is first in the date after the year. ?asbr collected, when confirmed change to asbr or whatever it is. ?muto needs to be confirmed also and then changed if need be.

erdi may be ernu, this cannot be determined until later in season, all erigeron plants with similar undissected leaves entered as erdi. Only trel was recorded here but trmu may be present, low and tall tridens species apparently present. Several species were recorded present 0601 but not recorded present 0607. must9 is vegetating wavy-leaf mustard with remnant flower stalks which may previously have been recorded as must 1 or must2. ?must is a vegetating mustard? with oblanceolate pubescent leaves- may be draba or lesquerella species. spae is Sphaeralcea sp. with dissected leaves, spwr2 has nondissected leaves and is probably spwr or spfe. There may be 2 eriogonum species- one with remnant or budding inflorescences and one smaller and possibly annual. ?herb is not remembered by workers.

entered by M Altenbach, 13,14 June 1994
watershed phenology data collected 7 June 1994
error checked 14 June 94 by M Altenbach & S Yanoff
replace comp w/ ?kuch on data sheet
add erdi to datasheet
when no "y"s were entered for a plant on the data sheet, all "n"s were entered
on the computer. This equals no data.

dw
6 Jun 1994 by Melissa Chavez, error checked 13 Jun 1994 by maltenbach &jbocock
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rio Salado, Water Sheds from 14 Jun 1994 entered on 15 Jun 1994 by Melissa
Chavez
rs1 collected by: syanoff, jbocock
rs2 collected by: maltenbach, mchavez
rs3 collected by: maltenbach, mchavez
entered by: mchavez 6/15/94
error checked by: maltenbach, jbocock 6/20/94

dw1 collected by: maltenbach, jbocock
dw2 collected by: mchavez
dw3 collected by: syanoff
entered by : jbocock 6/16/94
error checked by: maltenbach, jbocock 6/20/94

gd1 collected by: maltenbach, mchavez.
gd2 collected by: jbocock, syanoff
entered by: jbocock 6/15/94
error checked by: maltenbach, jbocock 6/20/94
'fest' needs to be struck from the data sheet for gd1, was found to be 'trel'

ws1 collected by: maltenbach, jbocock
ws2 collected by: syanoff, mchavez
ws3 collected by: syanoff, mchavez
entered by: mchavez 6/15/94
error checked by: maltenbach, jbocock 6/20/94
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
watershed 1 collected by: M Altenbach on 28 June 1994
watershed 2 collected by: M Chavez on 28 June 1994
watershed 3 collected by: J Bocock on 28 June 1994
entered by: M Altenbach on 28 June 1994
error-checked 6/29/94 by: jbocock, syanoff

rio salado 1 collected by: M Chavez on 28 June 1994
rio salado 2 collected by: M Altenbach, J Bocock on 28 June 1994
rio salado 3 collected by: S Yanoff on 28 June 1994
entered by: M Altenbach on 28 June 1994,,
error-checked 6/29/94 by: jbocock, syanoff

Goat Draw 1 collected by Marilyn Altenbach and Melissa Chavez
Goat Draw 2 collected by Sly, Mja, Mac, and Jmb

Deep well 3 collected by Mac
deep well 2 collected by Mja
deep well 1 collected by Jmb

Goat Draw and Deep well from 28 Jun 1994 entered by Melissa Chavez on 28 Jun
1994.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
phenology for deep well for july 6th entered by Michael East
Date entered july 7,1994
phenology for watershed for july 6th entered by Michael East
Date entered july 7,1994

gd1 collected 07/06/94 by: mchavez, jbocock, meast
entered 07/07/94 by: syanoff
error checked 06/14/94 by:

gd2 collected 07/06/94 by: syanoff
entered 07/07/94 by: syanoff
error checked 06/14/94 by:

rs 1 collected 07/06/94 by: mchavez, jbocock
entered 07/07/94 by: jbocock
error checked 07/07/94 by:

rs2 collected 07/06/94 by: mchavez, jbocock
entered 07/07/94 by: jbocock
error checked 07/07/94 by:

rs3 collected 07/06/94 by: syanoff, meast
entered 07/07/94 by: jbocock
error checked 07/07/94 by:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
ws1 collected 07/13/94 by: meast, syanoff
ws2 collected 07/13/94 by: mchavez, jbocock
ws3 collected 07/13/94 by: mchavez, jbocock
entered 07/14/94 by: jbocock
error checked 07/14/94 by:

rs1 collected 07/13/94: mchavez and meast
rs3 collected 07/13/94: jbocock and s yanoff
rs3 collected 07/13/94: mchavez and meast
entered 07/14/94 by: mchavez
error checked 07/14/94 by:

gd1 collected 07/06/94 by: mchavez, meast
entered 07/07/94 by: meast
gd2 collected 07/06/94 by: tmaddux
entered 07/07/94 by: jbocock
error checked 07/14/94 by:

dw1 collected 07/13/94 by: jbocock
dw2 collected 07/13/94 by: mchavez, meast
dw3 collected 07/13/94 by: syanoff
entered 07/13/94 by: meast
error checked 07/14/94 by:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rs1 collected 07/20/94:jbocock
rs3 collected 07/20/94: mchavez, meast
rs3 collected 07/20/94: mchavez, meast
entered 07/21/94 by: jbocock
error checked 07/21/94 by: jbocock, meast

gd1 collected 07/20/94 by: mchavez
gd2 collected 07/20/94 by: mchavez, jbocock, meast
entered 07/21/94 by: jbocock
error checked 07/21/94 by: jbocock, meast

ws1 collected 07/20/94 by:m.chavez
ws2 collected 07/20/94 by:j.bocock
ws3 collected 07/20/94 by:m.east
entered 07/21/94 by: m.east
error checked 07/14/94 by: jbocock, meast

dw1 collected 07/20/94 by:j.bocock
dw2 collected 07/20/94 by:m.chavez
dw3 collected 07/20/94 by:m.east
entered 07/21/94 by:m.east
error checked 07/14/94 by:jbocock, meast
---------------------------------------------------------------------
ws1 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
ws2 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
ws3 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
entered 08/03/94 by: jbocock
error checked 08/04/94 by: meast, jbocock

rs1 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
rs3 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
rs3 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
entered 08/03/94 by: jbocock
error checked 08/04/94 by: meast, jbocock

gd1 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
gd2 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
entered 08/03/94 by: jbocock
error checked 08/04/94 by: meast, jbocock

dw1 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
dw2 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
dw3 collected 08/03/94 by: meast, syanoff
entered 08/03/94 by: jbocock
error checked 08/04/94 by: meast, jbocock

gd1 collected 07/27/94 by: mchavez, jbocock
entered 07/27/94 by: syanoff
error checked 07/27/94 by: meast, syanoff

gd2 collected 07/27/94 by: meast, syanoff
entered 07/27/94 by: syanoff
error checked 07/27/94 by: meast, syanoff

?chen on gd2 is probably a chenopodiaceae family species
?spwr2 and ?spco2 changed to spwr2 and spco2 to maintain 5 letter codes
even though these IDs are uncertain
rs1 collected 07/27/94 by: meast, syanoff
entered 07/27/94 by: syanoff
error checked 07/27/94 by: meast, syanoff

rs2 collected 07/27/94 by: meast, syanoff
entered 07/27/94 by: syanoff
error checked 07/27/94 by: meast, syanoff

rs3 collected 07/27/94 by: meast, syanoff
entered 07/07/94 by: syanoff
error checked 07/27/94 by: meast, syanoff

ws1 collected 07/27/94 by:s.yanoff
ws2 collected 07/27/94 by:j.bocock/m.east
ws3 collected 07/27/94 by:m.chavez
entered 07/27/94 by:m.east
error checked 07/28/94 by:meast/syanoff

dw1 collected 07/27/94 by:j.bocock/m.east
dw2 collected 07/27/94 by:m.chavez
dw3 collected 07/27/94 by:s.yanoff
entered 07/27/94 by:m.east
error checked 07/14/94 by:meast/syanoff

gd1 collected 08/10/94 by:m.chavez
gd2 collected 08/10/94 by:m.east/j.bocock
entered 08/12/94 by:s.yanoff
error checked 08/12/94 by:

dw1 collected 08/10/94 by:j.bocock
dw2 collected 08/10/94 by:m.chavez
dw3 collected 08/10/94 by:m.east
entered 08/12/94 by:s.yanoff
error checked 07/14/94 by:

ws1 collected 08/10/94 by:m.chavez
ws2 collected 08/10/94 by:j.bocock
ws3 collected 08/10/94 by:m.east
entered 08/12/94 by:s.yanoff
error checked 08/12/94 by:

rs1 collected 08/10/94 by:m.chavez
rs2 collected 08/10/94 by:j.bocock
rs3 collected 08/10/94 by:m.east
entered 08/12/94 by:s.yanoff
error checked 08/12/94 by:

daja of previous transects is dana
dw123: spco2, spdi, spfe

File archived 29 November 1995; James W. Brunt

File started, 5 February 1996 ; jwb

Data entered by ? for "day" "month" "year" on this date.

10/10/98 - Imported species code changes to dataset. K. Taugher
- Updated documentation section to reflect Kartesz changes
- Added an additional space to 'species code' field to allow for longer Kartesz codes. K. Taugher
- Added information on Kartesz codes (and reference) to the SPECIES section. K. Taugher
- Added new Kartesz SPECIES CODE LIST. K. Taugher
- Removed a column of "2"'s from the dataset. These were added as an artifact of the sas code conversion program used for the transect datasets which was also used to convert the plant species codes in this dataset (see CODE CONVERSION in the documentation section below for a discussion of the code conversion process). This column was not a part of this dataset and was removed. K. Taugher
- Changed the field positions in the 'VARIABLE DESCRIPTIONS AND DEFINITIONS' section to reflect the current positions. As Kartesz codes may be up to 6 characters in length, an additional field position was added to the "code" column which then changed all the field positions that followed. K. Taugher
- Realigned data columns to right justification. K. Taugher
- Added Kartesz code conversion details including step by step details of how the conversion was done. K. Taugher
- Added name to section on "WHO IS INVOLVED WITH THE DATA" under "Kartesz code conversion data management" along with my email address should any questions arise. K. Taugher
- Continued and finished QA/QC. K. Taugher

11/12/98 - Changed species codes to Kartesz. K. Taugher
- Added a final line of "{END OF DATA}" to dataset. K. Taugher
- Changed code of "?mus" with a comment of "{tall clumpy muhly}" to a code of "Muhle" to conform to coding protocol. K. Taugher
- Made the following changes in species codes throughout the dataset:
- "?gras" changed to "Poace"
- "?erio" changed to "Eriog"
- "spha" changed to "Sphae"
- "mach" changed to "Macha"
- "ment" changed to "Mentz"
- "spor" changed to "Sporo"
- "trid" changed to "Tride"
- "?lot" changed to "Lotus"
- "?must" changed to "Brass"
- "euph" changed to "Eupho"
- "trel" with a comment of {tridens} changed to "Tride"
- "?che" changed to "Cheno"
- "phys" changed to "Physa"
- "cham" changed to "Chama"
- "vian" changed to "VIAM"
- "ipom" changed to "Ipomo"
- "viga" changed to "Vigar"
- "?er." changed to "Eriog"

- Removed a line of data that had all information EXCEPT species code for entry at 19951019 gd 2. K. Taugher

11/14/98 - Imported metadata used for the previous year's phenology study.
- Added a space to the species code field to accomodate the longer Kartesz codes. K. Taugher
- Aligned columns to right justification. K. Taugher
- Finished QA/QC. K. Taugher

Following line of data corrected. The final n was missing.

19940607 ws 3 OPPHP n n n y n n n n n n n
--Kristin Vanderbilt, Feb. 5, 2001

02/05/01 - Two lines of data which were dated 1992 and delimited by lines saying ********************TEST DATA were deleted. K. Vanderbilt.

Additional information: 

The following is list of the dates on which data were collected.


4 April 1991 14 August 1991
18 April 1991 23 August 1991
3 May 1991 9 September 1991
8 May 1991 19 September 1991
16 May 1991 14 October 1991
23 May 1991 29 October 1991
30 May 1991 25 November 1991
11 June 1991 24 January 1992
20 June 1991 5 March 1992
27 June 1991 26 March 1992
8 July 1991 26 May 1992
18 July 1991

26 June 1992 7 August 1992
2 July 1992 14 August 1992
13 July 1992 20 August 1992
17 July 1992 11 September 1992
23 July 1992 1 October 1992
30 July 1992
30 July 1992

4 February 1993 12 May 1993
25 February 1993 21 May 1993
18 March 1993 10 June 1993
25 March 1993 23 June 1993
7 April 1993 1 July 1993
19 April 1993 26 August 1993
29 April 1993 16 September 1993

24 May 1994
2 Jun 1994
7 Jun 1994
14 Jun 1994
28 Jun 1994
6 Jul 1994
13 Jul 1994
20 Jul 1994

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