June Summary - Met Central - June Could be Rated Fair

A fair description of June would be... fair... not too hot and not too dry. Temperatures during June generally tracked quite close to normal. The exception was a 3-day (20th-22nd) excursion of temperatures into the +100 degree range. Temperatures then dropped back to near or below normal through the end of the month when we normal expect the hottest temperatures. Average daily high, average daily lows, and average daily means all ran slightly above normal for the month. One new daily high temperature record was set on the 22nd.

    June Record Temperatures - High 43.0 (109.4 F), Low 0.4 (32.7 F)
    June '15 Record Temperatures - High 40.2 (104.4 F), Low 7.6 (45.7 F)

Despite some moisture early in June around New Mexico and a second round of storms toward the end of the month, the Sevilleta ended June with below average precipitation. It was still the wettest June since 2010. This figure shows that there were lots of days with moisture on the Sevilleta throughout the month and some of it was even sizable but when all was said and done the refuge-wide total of 12.0 mm was still below the the June average of 14.5 mm

The east side of the Sevilleta fared much better than did the west side. Certain areas of the east side did particularly well. For example the Five Points met station ended June with a total of 34.1 mm while the Deep Well station only a few kilometers north got only 13.5 mm. The real bulls-eye was a Hobo rain gauge near Gibb's Farm (about 7 km south of Five Points that got 51.8 mm during June. 16.25 mm of that came on the night of June 28th when no other station on the Sevilleta recorded anything.

June Meteorological Summary

                          June          June '15          June '15
Variable             Long-term* Mean    Mean           Mean Range
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Mean Max Temp (C)         33.08          33.3          30.7 - 34.2
Mean Min Temp (C)         15.20          16.1          14.6 - 17.4
Mean Average Temp (C)     24.14          24.7          22.7 - 25.7
Mean R.H. (%)             23.5           34.1          32.0 - 38.0
Mean Vap Press. (mb)       6.50           9.73         9.14 - 10.07
Mean Max Wind (m/sec)     11.9           10.9           9.3 - 11.9
Mean Solar Rad. (kWh/m2)   8.17           8.22         7.76 - 8.61
Precip.(mm)               14.8           12.0           4.6 - 34.1
---------------------------------------------------------------------            *Long-term refers to all of the Sevilleta met stations for 1989-2014

Albuquerque - Sevilleta Comparison

Albuquerque also saw hit and miss moisture during June. There were actually 15 days with precipitation at the Albuquerque airport but 9 of those were only trace amounts i.e. <0.01. There were 2 days with 0.20 of moisture. The second of these came on June 27th and much bigger amounts were recorded in other portions of Albuquerque - up to an inch.

               Loc         Precip          Normal         % of Normal
=====================================================================
June      	ABQ        14.2 mm         16.8 mm            85 %
                SEV        12.0 mm         14.8 mm            80 %

Year to Date    ABQ       106.6 mm         81.3 mm           131 %
                SEV        90.6 mm         69.1 mm           131 %
=====================================================================
Remember to check National Weather Service Monthly highlights at:
http://www.srh.noaa.gov/abq/climate/Monthlyreports/June/JUN2015/June2015.htm

Water-year Precipitation

Water year total continues to track a little above normal.

    Water Year Precipitation (mm)

               1989-2013
Month           Mean            2013-2015    
===========================================
Oct             23.0               6.4       
Nov             11.3               7.2
Dec		14.0		   9.7
Jan		 7.4		  20.8
Feb		 8.1		   4.8
Mar 		14.1		   6.3
Apr             11.9		  10.9
May		12.4		  36.0
Jun             14.8		  12.0
===========================================
               117.0             128.6



Drought

The NM drought situation continued to improve through June which is seldom the case during the hot, dry month of June. The Palmer Drought Index indicates that none of NM is in drought status and much of NM is shown to be in wetter than usual status.

The U.S. Drought Monitor still shows half of the state as abnormally dry and about 20% still in moderate or severe drought status. In comparison, last year at this time 96% of the state was rated to be under drought conditions. .

ENSO

El Nino conditions continue to strengthen. The Sea Surface Temperature (SST) anomaly for the Nino 3.4 region is up to +1.4 degrees C. and the Ocean Nino Index (ONI) for April-May-June is up to +0.9 degrees C. This is the highest the ONI has been since 2010.

Notables from on and off the Sev

There seems to be some initial greening of grasses across the refuge but generally things seem drier than after the wetter month of May. Most flowering forbs seem to have crisped back.

Unprecedented heat in the northwest and west Canada is being blamed on an extreme jet stream pattern. This heat has helped fuel many large fires in the region. The fire season in NM has run well below average with no large fires currently burning.

Extreme heat was exerting itself across England and western Europe as well.


Hurricanes

Tropical Storm Bill spun up quickly just off the south coast of TX and moved ashore bringing lots more rain to the Houston area already saturated by floods in late May. Depression held together all the way up into the Ohio Valley

Latest predictions continue to be for a hurricane season in the Atlantic about half of normal.


July Forecast

NOAA is predicting that July should continue the June pattern and give us a better than even chance of above average precipitation. In addition the temperatures are predicted to run cooler than normal for the month. Early storms seem to support the moisture prediction.

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