This data base contains taxonomic and ecological information for the plant species on the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge.
SOURCE OF DATA FOR THIS DATA BASE - The original plant list was taken from Thomas Manthey's masters thesis (see reference list below). The following changes are made continuously to this list: * Species are added. - This list is augmented by Sevilleta scientists asplants new to the list are collected on the Sevilleta NWR. * Some taxa are renamed. - Some older names for certain taxa are changed. For example, these conserved family names were replaced: Gramineae became Poaceae, Leguminosae became Fabaceae and Compositae became Asteraceae. The Ephedra were put into Ephedraceae instead of Gnetaceae. Krameria was moved from the Leguminosae to theKrameriaceae. Additional changes will be logged in this file. * Some plant species were taken off of the list - The original thesis plant list covered the Sevilleta National Wildlife refuge and the Ladron Mountains. Since this list is designed to represent only the Sevilleta Refuge proper, species that occur on the mountain and not on the Sevilleta were removed (These are listed below). There are still species in this data base that no doubt fall into this category but it is unreliable to say a plant does not occur in a certain place because you have not seen it and do not think that it is there. When thorough collections of the Sevilleta have been made then this list will more closely reflect the true list of plant species on the Sevilleta. The collection field was added to this data base so the species that have been collected can be monitored. * The photosynthetic_pathway, life-form and life cycle data were collected from the references listed below by Troy Maddux in 1989. The abbreviation codes were produced by Troy Maddux in 1989 as well and existed as a separate file. The codes were put into this data base as a field when the data base was created in early 1992.REFERENCE LIST Correl, D.S., and M.C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the Vascular plants of Texas. Texas Research Foundation. Edwards and Walker. 1983. C3,C4: Mechanisms, and cellular and environmental regulation of photosynthesis. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Eickmeier, W.G. 1978. "Photosynthetic Pathway Distribution etc." Photosynthetica. 12(3): 290-297. Elmore, C.D. and Rex N. Paul. 1983. "Composite list of C4 Weeds". Weed Science. Vol. 31: 686-692. Manthey, G. Thomas. 1977. "A Floristic Analysis of the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge and the Ladrone Mountains." Masters Thesis, University of New Mexico. Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A Flora of New Mexico. A.R. Gantner Verlag. Mulroy, T.W., and P.W. Rundel. 1977. "Annual Plants: Adaptations to Desert Environments". Bioscience. 27(2): 109-114. Smith, B.N., and W.V. Brown. 1973. "The Kranz syndrome in the Gramineae as indicated by carbon isotope ratios." American Journal of Botany. 60(6): 505-513 Syvertsen, J.P. et al. 1976. "Carbon Reduction Pathways and Standing Crop in Three Chihuahuan Desert Plant Communities." The Southwestern Naturalist. 21(3): 311-320. USDA Plants Database. http://plants.usda.gov/index.htmlWaller, S.S. and J.K. Lewis. 1989. "Occurrence of C3 and C4 Photosynthetic Pathways in North American Grasses". Journal of Range Management. 32(1): 12-28. ARCHIVE HEADER LABELS (Width of that field in characters) -
Family(17) - This field contains the plant family to which each species belongs. Photosynthetic_pathway(3) - This field represents the way in which plants fix carbon in the process of photosysthesis. C3 = This is the Calvin/Benson cycle. C4 = This is the Hatch/Slack pathway. CAM = This represents Crassulacean Acid Metabolism *Missing data are represented by a "na." Life_cycle(3) - The life cycle field represents the longevity of a plant species.
a = annual ab = annual or biennial ap = annual or perennial ap- = annual or short-lived perennial b = biennial bp = biennial or perennial bp- = biennial or short-lived perennial p- = short-lived perennial p = perennial *Missing data are represented by a "?" Life_form(3) - This field represents the form or physiognomy of a plant species. G = grass - Plants in the family Poaceae. H = herb - Plants that have no woody tissue.(the distinction between This and subshrub can be fuzzy since woody tissue at the caudex (right at the ground) would technically be considered a subshrub but this is often overlooked when the plant is mostly herbaceous.) HV = herbaceous vine - A climbing or trailing plant with no woody tissue rp = root parasite - A plant which is parasitic on other plant's roots. S = shrub - A woody plant that usually has several-to-many main branches. (See Tree for problems.) sp = stem parasite - A plant that is parasitic on the stems of another plant. ss = subshrub - A plant that is woody just near the base or a plant that is woody throughout its stem structure but smaller than a meter. ST = shrub or tree - A plant that sometimes grows in a shrub-like form and sometimes grows as a (usually small) tree. T = tree - A woody plant that generally has one main stem. The distinction between trees and shrubs can be dubious. For example, Juniperus monosperma (one-seeded juniper) is usually considered a tree even though it is generally multistemmed. su = succulent - A plant with water-storage tissues. V = vine - A climbing or trailing plant in which the woodiness is not known by the database manager. WV = woody vine - A woody trailing or climbing plant. *Missing data are represented by a "?". Sspecies_code(5) - A four- or five-letter code which represents a particular plant species and is unique within the group of the Sevilleta plant species. This code is created by taking the first two letters of the genus and the first two letters of the specific epithet of a plant's scientific name to make a four-letter code. If duplicate four-letter codes are created then a number two was added to the less common of the two codes. (Troy Maddux, previous LTER plant specialist, decided which species were less commonon the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge.) If three duplicates occurredthen one code got a "2" after it and the next got a "3". Below is an example: semu Senecio multicapitatus semu2 Senecio multilobatus semu3 Selaginella mutica These abbreviations are used to represent plant species in field work and in data entry. Sgenus(16) - The taxon of plant genus as it was known to Sevilleta LTER researchers. The genus and the species combined create the binomial which is the scientific name of a plant. Sspecies(20) - The specific epithet of a plant and with the genus makes up the scientific name of a plant. Svariety_subspecies(20) - Subspecific taxa including varieties and subspecies. They are represented thus: Subspecies: subsp._ambiguus Variety: var._scopulorum Affinity: aff._grisea Scommon_name(26) - The common or vernacular name for a plant species. These names are highly unreliable for delimiting a specific taxon but are useful in communication with those unfamiliar with the scientific names. *Missing data are represented by a "na". collection(3) - Indicates whether a speces has been collected on the Sevilleta by: Thomas Manthey, the Sevilleta LTER, or others. m = Manthey Collection. (If the collection was made within the Sevilleta boundaries.) s = Sevilleta LTER Collection. o = Other Collection. X = No known collection on the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge. native(1) - Indicates whether the species is native or introduced to the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge. y = Yes the plant is native. n = No, not native. X = Status unknown. species_code(5) - A four- five- or six-letter code which represents a particular plant species and is unique within the North American continent per the John Kartesz group and as published by the USDA PLANTS database. genus(16) - The taxon of plant genus as published by John Kartesz and the USDA PLANTS database. The genus, species, and variety or subspecies combined create a trinomial which is the scientific name of a plant. species(20) - The specific epithet of a plant. This, with the genus and variety or subspecies, comprises the scientific name of a plant. author(?) - The published authority of the trinomial name as represented by John Kartesz and the USDA PLANTS database. variety_subspecies(20) - The subspecific taxa, including varieties and subspecies. They are represented thus: Subspecies: subsp._ambiguus Variety: var._scopulorum Affinity: aff._griseaKfamily(5) - The John Kartesz six character family abbreviation. Included for compatibility. Unnecessary in most applications. common_name(26) - The common or vernacular name for a plant species. These are the names as published by John Kartesz and the USDA Plants database *Missing data are represented by a "na".
Added Prosopis pubescens to the species list;18 September 1996; JBRUNTAdded Kartesz entries for Sevilleta species:Astragalus nuttallianus var. ellisaeAtriplex argentea var. argenteaErodium texanumEuphorbia lataGilia mexicanaHordeum jubatum var. jubatumIpomoea coccineaMaurandya wislizeniOenothera cespitosa var. montanaOenothera pallida subsp. trichocalyxOxybaphus glaberPolygala obscuraStellaria longipesVerbesina encelioidesDelphinium virescensEuphorbia dentata var. dentataEuphorbia fendleri var. fendleriGaura parvifloraGreggia camporum var. camporumHapplopappus spinulosus var. spinulosusHapplopappus spinulosus var. scabrellusLactuca serriola var. serriolaLesquerella gordonii var. gordoniiLotus (X)_nummulariusMonroa squarrosaNama hispidum var. hispidumNeolloydia intertexta var. intertextaOpuntia violacea var. violaceaOrobanche multiflora var. multifloraPanicum capillare var. capillarePericome caudata var. caudataPhoradendron flavescensPsilostrophe sparsifloraSphaeralcea coccinea subsp. coccineaSphaeralcea subhastataTidestromia lanuginosa var. lanuginosaVerbena ciliata var. ciliataWoodsia mexicana18 September 1996; JBRUNTChanged UMBELLIFERAE to APIACEAE; 16 August 1996 JBRUNTAdded Kartesz entries for our Sevilleta species:Achillea lanulosa subsp. lanulosaArenaria saxosa var. saxosaAristida fendlerianaAristida longiseta var. longisetaAsclepias asperula subsp. asperulaASter hesperius var. hesperiusBaileya multiradiata var. multiradiataBrickellia grandiflora var. grandifloraCassia bauhinioides var. bauhinioidesChenopodium desiccatum var. desiccatumCoryphantha vivipara var. viviparaCryptantha jamesii var. jamesii7 August 1996 JBRUNTFrom gshore Sat May 18 17:32:29 1996Date: Sat, 18 May 1996 17:32:28 -0600From: gshore (Greg Shore)To: jbruntSubject: plantlistCc: gshoreStatus: ROSome things that still need to be resolved are:1. There are 17 records that don't have Kartesz information because they didn't show up in Kartesz list. These records are indicated by "???" values in the Kartesz fields.2. There are 36 records that don't have Kartesz information because Susan couldn't find entries for them in the Kartesz database (she said most of these have variety names same as species name). These records are indicated by "?" values in the Kartesz fields.3. The variety field of mome needs looked at. Susan had this record listed as Monarda fistulosa subsp._fistulosa_var._menthifoliaCheerz,Greg *Added Collection and Native fields to the data base, also *lined the columns up with their headers. 27 Feb 1992 T.M. *3 Mar 1992 Changed Castilleja linaraefolia to Castilleja linearifolia. T.M. *Changes made on 27 Jul 1992 by Troy Maddux. The following abbreviation code changes were made OLD CODE SPECIES NEW CODE crhe Draba helleriana drhe cyse Cyperus esculentus cyes gode Hoffmanseggia densiflora hode ocdi Oxybaphus diffusus oxdi peed Pinus edulis pied ipah Ipomopsis aggregata ipag cere Centaurea repens cere2 * 19 Oct 1992 - Data for "Native" field added from a separate file. by Troy Maddux. * 26 Oct 1992 - Explained the archive header labels in the documentation section - Troy Maddux. * 28 Oct 1992 - Removed "s" or sevilleta collection from Lotus X nummularis - Troy Maddux.********************LINES TAKEN OUT OF THIS FILE********************* Took The following lines out of the data base 28 Feb 1992:ACERACEAE C3 p T acne Acer negundo var._interius Box_elder X XACERACEAE na p ST acgl Acer glabrum var._neomexicanum New_Mexico_Maple X XPINACEAE na p T pifl Pinus flexilis na Limber_pine X XPINACEAE na p T pipo Pinus ponderosa na Ponderosa_pine X XPINACEAE na p T psme Pseudotsuga menziesii na Douglas_Fir X XCANNABINACEAE na p ss casa2 Cannabis sativa na Marijuana X XFAGACEAE C3 p ST quga Quercus gambellii na Gambel_oak X XFAGACEAE na p S quun Quercus undulata na Wavyleaf_oak X XROSACEAE na p S phmo Physocarpus monogynus na Nine_bark X X Took The following lines out of the data base 3 Mar 1992:CUPRESSACEAE C3 p T jude Juniperus deppeana na Alligator-bark_juniper X XSALICACEAE na p T potr2 Populus tremuloides var._aurea na X X********************LINES ADDED TO THIS FILE************************* Added the following lines to the data base on 28 Feb 1992:HYDROPHYLLACEAE na p su naca Nama carnosum na na X X Added The following lines to the data base 3 Mar 1992:EUPHORBIACEAE na a H acne Acalypha neomexicana na na s XAPOCYNACEAE na p H amfu Amsonia fugatei na Bluestar s XASTERACEAE na p Hss arfr Artemisia frigida na Estafiata m XFABACEAE na p H asal Astragalus albulus na Cibola milk-vetch s XNYCTAGINACEAE na a H bopu Boerhaavia purpurescens na Spiderling X XFABACEAE na p H dawr Dalea wrightii na na s XASTERACEAE na b H grsq Grindelia squarrosa na Curlycup_gumweed s XASTERACEAE na bp- H maca Machaeranthera canescens na na s XLOASACEAE C3 p H mehu Mentzelia humilis na Stick-leaf s XPOACEAE na p G paha Panicum hallii na na s XASTERACEAE na p H paly Parthenium lyratum na na s XPORTULACACEAE C4 a su popa Portulaca parvula na na X XASTERACEAE na a H safl Sartwellia flaveriae na na s XASTERACEAE na b H toex2 Townsendia eximia na na m X Added this line 28 Oct 1992 - Troy Maddux.POACEAE na a G mufr Muhlenbergia fragilis na ms y *24 Mar 1993 - Changed the header label "abbreviation" to thelabel "species_code" to be more consistent with other data bases. Thespecies codes stne and stne2 were reversed. - Troy Maddux. * 21 Jul 1993 - Code for Opuntia violacea was oppo was changedto the correct opvi. * 29 Mar 1994 - Added some common names to the data base. TroyMaddux. * 5 Aug 1994 - Changed "Opuntia erinaceae" to Opuntia erinacea byTroy Maddux. * 20 Sep 1994 - /// Added the following lines to this file. /// T.M.////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////POLEMONIACEAE na a H gime Gilia mexicana na Mexican_gilia s yPOACEAE na a G brte Bromus tectorum na Downy_chess s nVIOLACEAE na p H hyve Hybanthus verticillatus na Green_violet s yPOLYGALACEAE na p H poob Polygala obscura na Milkwort s yASCLEPIADACEAE na p H asin Asclepias involucrata na Dwarf_milkweed s yEUPHORBIACEAE na p H eula Euphorbia lata na na X yAIZOACEAE na a su trpo Trianthema portulacastrum na Horse_purslane X yNYCTAGINACEAE na p H oxgl Oxybaphus glaber na Desert_four-o'clock X yAlso changed: "trpo" - Tragopogon porrifolius to "trpo2"and put the common name "Desert-four_o'clock" on the Oxybaphus species.//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// * 23 Sep 1994 - /// Added the following lines to this file. /// T.M.POACEAE na a G trbe Tragus berteronianus na Bur_grass s y//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// * 28 Sep 1995 - /// Added the following lines to this file. /// S.G.GERANIACEAE na a H erte Erodium texanum na Alfilaria LILIACEAE na p H alma Allium macropetalum na Wild_onionSCROPHULARIACEAE na p V mawi Maurandya wislizeni na False_snapdragon//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// * 30 July 1996 - /// Converted database to Kartesz names. Sevilletaconserved names will remain in the database until all historical datahave been converted. Remaining entries to this log will be made from thetop down1/22/98 - Added Photosynthetic pathway information for the following species:-Equisetum laevigatum -Bromus anomalus -Bromus lanatipes -Bromus tectorum -Poa bigelovii -Poa fendleriana -Poa longiligula -Poa reflexa -Poa arida -Agrostis semiverticillata -Elymus canadensis K. Taugher1/29/98 - Added Photosynthetic pathway information for the following species:-Carex filifolia -Carex praegracilis -Carex siccata -Eleocharis macrostachya -Juncus balticus -Juncus bufonius -Juncus interior -Juncus mexicanus -Juncus tenuis -Juncus torreyi -Rubus parviflorus -Rubus strigosus -Parthenocissus inserta -Prunus serotina -Prunus virginiana -Quercus pungens -Quercus turbinella -Salix exigua -Salix gooddingii -Salix irrorata -Fraxinus Pennsylvanica -Pinus edulis -Rhus trilobata -Rhus trilobata var._pilosissima -Trifolium repens -Trifolium fendleri -Medicago lupulina -Achillea lanulosa -Arabis fendleri -Artemisia campestris -Artemisia ludoviciana -Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. ludoviciana -Chrysopsis villosa -Delphinium virescens -Lepidium densiflorum -Phlox mesoleuca -Phlox nana -Physalis virginiana -Silene antirrhina -Tragopogon dubius -Verbascum thapsus -Aster commutatus -Aster hesperius -Aster pauciflorus -Aster spinosus -Helianthus annuus -Melilotus albus -Solidago altissima -Solidago wrightii -Solidago sparsiflora -Solidago missouriensis -Asclepias asperula -Asclepias engelmanniana -Asclepias involucrata -Asclepias latifolia -Asclepias speciosa -Asclepias subverticillata -Solanum heterodoxum -Solanum jamesii -Solanum rostratum -Cirsium megacephalum -Cirsium neomexicanum -Cirsium ochrocentrum -Cirsium pulchellum -Cirsium wheeleri -Potentilla pensylvanica -Erigeron bellidiastrum -Erigeron divergens -Erigeron flagellaris -Erigeron nudiflorus -Erigeron speciosus -Erigeron subtrinervis -Lithospermum cobrense -Lithospermum incisum -Lithospermim multiflorum -Polygonum lapathifolium -Oenothera caespitosa -Oenothera coronopifolia -Oenothera hookeri -Oenothera pallida subsp. trichocalyx -Oenothera pallida subsp. runcinata -Plantago patagonica -Oxalis alpina -Oxalis violacea -Gnaphalium chilense -Physalis hederifolia -Galium aparine -Galium mexicanum -Galium fendleri -Antennaria marginata -Petalostemum (Dalea) purpurea -Petalostemum (Dalea) candida -Senecio douglasii/flaccidus -Senecio eurypterus -Senecio multicapitatus -Senecio multilobatus -Senecio neomexicanus -Senecio wootonii -Apocynum medium -Pedicularis centranthera -Bidens frondosa -Bidens heterosperma -Epilobium ciliatum -Epilobium saximontandum -Lycopus americanus -Rumex altissimus -Rumex hymenosepalus -Rumex mexicanus/salicifolius -Rumex triangulivalvis/salicifolius -Fragaria bracteata -Tradescantia wrightii -Tradescantia pinetorum -Lycopus lucidus/asper -Silene laciniata -Silene plankii -Silene wrightii -Chenopodium graveolens -Chenopodium neomexicanum -Chenopodium rubrum -Lepidium latifolium -Lepidium montanum var. alyssoides -Lepidium montanum var. angustifolium -Penstemon ambiguus var. ambiguus -Penstemon ambiguus var. laevissimus -Penstemon fendleri -Penstemon jamesii -Penstemon virgatus -Penstemon whippleanus -Sporobolus flexuosus -Sporobolus giganteus -Sporobolus nealleyi -Setaria macrostachya -Aristida arizonica -Aristida barbata/havardii -Aristida divaricata -Aristida fendleriana -Aristida wrightii/purpurea var. wrightii K. Taugher2/10/98 - Added photosynthetic pathway information for the following species:-Allium macropetalum -Astragalus nuttallianus var. austrinus -Astragalus nuttallianus var. ellisae -Brickellia californica -Chamaesaracha coronopus -Chamaesaracha sordida K. Taugher1/6/2005 Karen Wetherill updates:Since the meta data was last updated in 1998, the following changes were made to the plant list:Duplicates for the following species were removed:AMAL, ARLAS, ARPUL, ARPUL, ECTRT, ERFL, EUDE4, GLBIB, GLBIB, ISPL, MALE3, MAPIP, MAPIP, PHCO, PHVIV4, PSTAT, PSTAT, STPA4The following species were added:CHGL13-Chamaisyce glyptospermaDEWO-Delphinium wootoniiERCI-Eragrostis cilianensisFEAR2-Festuca arizonicaFEOV2-Festuca ovinaGUWR-Gutierrezia wrightiiOPEN3-Opuntia engelmanniiOPMA8-Opuntia macrocentraSEDI3-Selinocarpus diffusesName changes were made as follows according to the USDA website. http://plants.usda.gov/index.html:ERPU8 is now DAPU7HIJA is now PLJASAKA is now SATR12 (not a name change, but a previous misidentification)SYCYH2 is now FUCYHSTNE2 is now HENE5MIOB was removed, it is synonymous with MIAL4MIDI5 was removed, it is synonymous with MILI3OECEC2 is now OECAC2 (misspelling)GAPA6 is now GAMO5ARTEH is now ARTEGASFAC is now SYFACASLAH2 is now SYLAH6ASPA8 is now ALPA14ASSUL is now SYDI2BOBAB is now BOBA3CECA6 is now CELO3COHY is now COAMRDAFE is now DAQUERAS2 is now ERCACEULU is now EUBRFEOV2 is now FETR3LEMU10 is now LEPAMNITR is now NIOBOORMI2 is now PIMI7SCAC is now SCACASCAM2 is now SCAM6SCMA is now SCMA8STCOC2 is now HECOC8STRO3 is now ACRO7BRFE is now BRFE22/22/2010 John Mulhouse updates:Since the meta data was last updated in 2005, the following changes were made to the plant list.Changes were made as follows according to the USDA website. http://plants.usda.gov/index.html:ASFAC is now SYFACASLAH2 is now SYLAH6ASPA8 is now ALPA14ASSUL is now SYD12ASWO2 is now ASALPBOBAB is now BOBA3BRFE is now BRFE2CADR6 is now HODRCAJA6 is now POJA5CHNA2 is now ERNAN5COHY is now COPA37DAFE is now DAQUECCRC is now ECCR ECFEF2 is now ECFEF3ENPI is now ENPE4 ERPU8 is now DAPU7EULU is now EUBRGAPA6 is now GAMO5GIRIA is now GIAC4 GISU is now ALSU9GLWR is now GLBICGNST is now PSST7HEVIH is now HEVIM3JUBAM is now JUARLLALAA3 is now LALAL3 LEMOA3 is now LEALA4 LEMU10 is now LEPAM MACA2 is now PSAS2 MOME3 is now MOFIM2MESCS is now MESC NITR is now NIOBOOECEC2 is now OECAC2 OPCL is now GRCL OPERH is now OPPOH OPFRF is now OPFR OPIM is now CYIMI OPPHP is now OPPH OPTUD is now CYDA4 ORHY is now ACHY ORMI2 is now PIMI7 PEPA2 is now PACOLPHGRG is now MIGRG4PHOC2 is now PHMI4PHVIV4 is now PHCO14 POOLO is now POOLSCAC is now SCACA SCAM2 is now SCAM6 SCIND is now ECIN2SCINI is now ECIN2 SCMA is now SCMA8 SENEN is now PANENSENE4 is now PANENSEMU2 is now SESPM SEMU3 is now PAMU11 STCOC2 is now HECOC8STLE4 is now ACLE9 STNE2 is now HENE5 STRO3 is now ACRO7STTE2 is now STMIMSPANC is now SPAN3TRMA4 is now TRMA20TAPA3 is now PHPA29THRHM is now THMOM3 antelopehorns is now spider milkweedconyza is now Coulter's horseweedfoothill_sagewort is now white_sagebrushfringed_sagewort is now prairie_sagewortgalleta is now James' galletaGreat_Plains_falsewillow is now willow_baccharisgypsum_moonpod is now lanceleaf_moonpodgypsum_scorpionweed is now gypsum_phaceliahairy_coldenia is now hairy_crinklemathairy_willowherb is now fringed_willowherbiron_skyrocket is now iron_ipomopsisJames'_catseye is now James'_cryptanthamanyflowered_gilia is now manyflowered_ipomopsismanyflowered_gromwell is now manyflowered_stoneseedmesa_greggia is now bicolor_fanmustardMexican_campion is now cardinal_catchflyMexican_squawroot is now Mexican_cancer-rootna is now bristlecup_sandmatna is now Gordon's_bladderpodnarrowleaf_gromwell is now narrowleaf_stoneseedOregongrape is now creeping_barberrypineland_marshtail is now pineland_horseweedskyblue_scorpionweed is now skyblue_phaceliaslimflower_muhly is now slender_muhlysmooththroat_gromwell is now smooththroat_stoneseedtall_townsendia is now tall_Townsend_daisythicksepal_catseye is now thicksepal_cryptanthathreadleaf_groundsel is now threadleaf_ragwortthreeawn is now spidergrassLORANTHACEAE is now VISCACEAE.POLYPODIACEAE is now PTERIDACEAE. Cleome serrulata is now in CAPPARACEAE not CAPPARIDACEAE.Cuscuta pentagona var._pentagona is now in CUSCUTACEAE not CONVOLVULACEAE.Cystopteris fragilis is now in DRYOPTERIDACEAE not POLYPODIACEAE.Pellaea fendleri is now in POLYPODIACEAE not PTERIDACEAE.Carex spp. are now "G" not "H".Cyperus spp. are now "G" not "H".Juncus spp. are now "G" not "H".Dalea brachystachya is now "ab" not "a".Descurainia incana subsp._incisa is now "b" not "a".Eragrostis pectinacea is now "ap" not "a".Erigeron bellidiastrum var._bellidiastrum is now "a" not "ab".Erigeron divergens is now "b" not "bp-".Eriogonum abertianum is now "a" not "ab".Eriogonum annuum is now "ab" not "a".Euphorbia spathulata is now "ap" not "ab".Ipomoea coccinea is now "a" not "p".Flaveria campestris is now "a" not "p".Gaura suffulta subsp._nealleyi is now "a" not "b".Tragopogon dubius is now "ab" not "p".Verbena bracteata is now "ap-b" not "ap-".Glandularia bipinnatifida var._bipinnatifida is now "ap" not "?".Verbena neomexicana var._hirtella is now "p" not "?".Schkuhria multiflora is now "a" not "p".Bahia pedata is now "a" not "p".Bidens tenuisecta is now "a" not "ap".Boerhavia erecta is now "ap" not "a".Chenopodium album is now "a" not "p".Centaurium calycosum is now "ab" not "a".Hedeoma oblongifolia is now "p" not "?".Machaeranthera canescens subsp._canescens is now "abp" not "bp".Malva neglecta is now "abp" not "ab".Mentzelia laciniata is now "p" not "bp".Mimulus guttatus is now "ap" not "p".Pectis papposa is now "a" not "p".Plantago lanceolata is now "abp" not "p".Plantago major is now "p" not "ab".Polygonum aviculare is now "ap" not "a".Thelypodium wrightii is now "bp" not "b".Sartwellia flaveriae is now "p" not "a".Scorzonera laciniata is now "p" not "a".Silene antirrhina is now "a" not "ab".Sonchus oleraceus is now "a" not "p".Castilleja minor is now "ap" not "a".Juncus bufonius is now "a" not "p".Carlowrightia linearifolia is now ss/H not S.Castilleja integra is now ss/H/rp not Hrp.Castilleja linariifolia is now ss/H/rp not Hrp.Chrysothamnus pulchellus is now S/ss.Coryphantha vivipara var._arizonica is now S/su not su.Coryphantha vivipara var._radiosa is now S/su not su.Coryphantha vivipara var._vivipara is now S/su not su.Monardella odoratissima is now ss/H not H.Nama carnosum is now ss/H.Opuntia macrorhiza var._macrorhiza is now S/su not su.Phragmites australis is now S/ss/G not G.Portulaca oleracea is now H/su not su.Portulaca halimoides is now H/su not su.Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia subsp._pedata is now ss/H not ?.Sphaeralcea incana ss/H not ss.Sphaeralcea leptophylla is now ss/H not ?.Sphaeralcea parvifolia is now ss/H not ?.Sphaeralcea procera is now ss/H not ?.Hackelia pinetorum is now "bp" not "p" and H not ss. Orobanche ludoviciana subsp._multiflora is now "a" not "p" and Hrp not rp. Portulaca pilosa is now "ap" not "a" and H/su not su. Sphaeralcea coccinea subsp._coccinea is now "bp" not "p" and ss/H not H. Sphaeralcea coccinea subsp._elata is now "bp" not "p" and ss/H not H. Chamaesyce missurica var._intermedia is now Chamaesyce missurica na. Fendlera rupicola var._falcata is now Fendlera rupicola na. Petrophytum caespitosum is now Petrophyton caespitosum (misspelling) and ss not S. Senna bauhinoides is now Senna bauhinioides (misspelling).