Tree Mast Production at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge

The purpose of this study is to monitor the fruit production of three woody tree species that occur on the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge (NWR). Two monoecious species, Pinus edulis and Quercus turbinella, are assessed, as is a dioecious species, Juniperus monosperma. In August, fruit production is estimated for the three species at five sites within the Sevilleta NWR. For each of the species different protocols are used for estimating fruit production: P. edulis estimates are made using the number of cones per mature tree, Q. turbinellla estimates utilize the number of acorns per 0.1m2 of canopy surface area, and J. monosperma estimates use the number of berries per twig on female trees. In addition, the age and/or size of each individual tree was assessed at the beginning of the study. For P. edulis and J. monosperma, distinctions continue to be made between young, medium, old, and very old trees; for Q. turbinella, canopy surface area is estimated.